Jon's Blurty Entries [entries|friends|calendar]
Jon

[ userinfo | blurty userinfo ]
[ calendar | blurty calendar ]

[27 Aug 2014|10:13am]
Minnesota Zoo Part 2 The Bugs and Flora.....

020
Da Bugs )
4 opinions| Your Opinion Matters

[27 Aug 2014|10:11am]
A little time at the Minnesota Zoo.....

A couple of baby moose. Four of them were found abandoned/orphaned in Northern Minnesota and brought to the Zoo to be raised.
004
The Animals )
2 opinions| Your Opinion Matters

[26 Aug 2014|11:01am]
Welcome to the Minnesota State Fair...

001
Da Fair... )
Your Opinion Matters

[24 Aug 2014|03:45am]
Here is a pictorial listing of my Fair Foods...

Mini Donuts. It's my tradition to always have this first.
012
More Yummies )
2 opinions| Your Opinion Matters

UGH............................. [12 Aug 2014|08:36pm]
Tomorrow night I am going to a Pat Benatar concert. :)
She is celebrating her 35th anniversary in the business. :)
It's an outdoor concert at the Minnesota Zoo. :)
I am hoping to go up early enough to either walk through the zoo before the concert or I would like to try and go to the IMAX theater there and see Guardians of the Galaxy. I think it would be so cool to see it on an IMAX screen. WOW...

http://youtu.be/MnDijNVpngA


Timing is really off this year for events.
Tomorrow night I am seeing Pat Benatar. Tomorrow is also the day my bank as their picnic for their customers. Now my bank as sold themselves and so this is probably the last year of customer appreciation. :p
September 30 I am going to see Fleetwood Mac. YES!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Unfortunately, I just learned that my employer is having their Argent Society party that same night. The entertainment this year is Vicki Lawrence and Mama: A Two Woman Show.
ARGH!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
What are my chances of ever seeing either of these two acts ever again????????? :(
2 opinions| Your Opinion Matters

Book Reading..... [11 Aug 2014|04:31am]
I just finished up book No. 23.
I read Hot Six by Janet Evanovich. It's the next book in the Stephanie Plum series, and yet another fun read. :)
Ranger is in some trouble and has skipped on his bail. Stephanie turns down the job of bringing him in. Of course that doesn't stop her from getting completely mixed up in the whole business. Mobsters and all.
Meanwhile the perp she is suppose to be bringing in is NUTS and trying to kill her.
And just to complicate her life a little more, Stephanie's grandma moves in with her after having an arguement with her SIL.
Janet Evanovich has a great way of adding fun/intersting secondary characters to her books. :)

Grade: A

Book List 2014:

1. A Rite of Swords by Morgan Rice
2. Miss Buncle's Book by D.E. Stevenson
3. The Garner Files A Memoir by James Garner and Jon Winokur
4. Grimm's Complete Fairy Tales
5. Treatment of Choice by Mary King
6. Blue Moon by Laurel K. Hamilton
7. Backstage at the Lincoln Assassination: The Untold Story of the Actors
and Stagehands at Ford's Theater by Thomas A. Bogar
8. The Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum
9, Hitler's Alpine Headquarters by James Wilson
10. Hercule Poirot's Christmas by Agatha Christie
11. Call the Midwife: A Memoir of Birth, Joy, and Hard Times by Jennifer Worth
12. Goosebumps Welcome to Dead House by R.L. Stine
13. Three to Get Deadly by Janet Evanovich
14. Goosebumps: Say Cheese and Die! by R. L. Stine
15. Moon River and Me by Andy Williams
16. Agatha Christie: Murder in the Making by John Curran
17. Lake Wobegon Days by Garrison Keillor
18. The Mysterious Affair at Styles by Agatha Christie
19. Four to Score by Janet Evanovich
20. Miss Buncle Married by D.E. Stevenson
21. Death in the Baltic by Cathryn J. Prince
22. High Five by Janet Evanovich
23. Hot Six by Janet Evanovich
2 opinions| Your Opinion Matters

Book Reading..... [02 Aug 2014|09:01am]
Got a couple of more books to add to the reading list.

Book No. 21 was Death in the Baltic by Cathryn J. Prince.
It was about the sinking of the German ship, Wilhelm Gustloff.
The ship was filled beyond capacity with injured soldiers and refugees fleeing the advancing Russian army. I think it was estimated around 9000 were on board. It was a cruise ship that was meant to carry 2000 or less passangers and crew members.
Few hundred people surviced making it the worst maritime disaster and in the shadow of the famous/infamous Titanic sinking.

Grade: A-

Book No. 22 was High Five by Janet Evanovich.
It is the fifth book in the Stephanie Plum bounty hunter series.
Stephanie is not getting much work in the bounty hunting business and decides to help the family find her missing Uncle Fred.
Her old nemesis Ramirez is released from prison and stalks her with the intention of killing her.
Her one bounty pick up is a little person who doesn't want to go and ends up staying at her place.
Great assortment of characters again. :)

Grade: A

Book List 2014:

1. A Rite of Swords by Morgan Rice
2. Miss Buncle's Book by D.E. Stevenson
3. The Garner Files A Memoir by James Garner and Jon Winokur
4. Grimm's Complete Fairy Tales
5. Treatment of Choice by Mary King
6. Blue Moon by Laurel K. Hamilton
7. Backstage at the Lincoln Assassination: The Untold Story of the Actors
and Stagehands at Ford's Theater by Thomas A. Bogar
8. The Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum
9, Hitler's Alpine Headquarters by James Wilson
10. Hercule Poirot's Christmas by Agatha Christie
11. Call the Midwife: A Memoir of Birth, Joy, and Hard Times by Jennifer Worth
12. Goosebumps Welcome to Dead House by R.L. Stine
13. Three to Get Deadly by Janet Evanovich
14. Goosebumps: Say Cheese and Die! by R. L. Stine
15. Moon River and Me by Andy Williams
16. Agatha Christie: Murder in the Making by John Curran
17. Lake Wobegon Days by Garrison Keillor
18. The Mysterious Affair at Styles by Agatha Christie
19. Four to Score by Janet Evanovich
20. Miss Buncle Married by D.E. Stevenson
21. Death in the Baltic by Cathryn J. Prince
22. High Five by Janet Evanovich
2 opinions| Your Opinion Matters

[31 Jul 2014|04:06pm]
[ mood | happy ]

*~*~*~*~*WELCOME BACK BLURTY*~*~*~*~*

I sure hope your disappearance was a temporary one.

2 opinions| Your Opinion Matters

Book Reading..... [11 Jul 2014|03:56pm]
A little behind on book reports. :p

Book No. 19, was Four to Score by Janet Evanovich.
It's the next book in the Stephanie Plum bounty hunter series, and it was a lot of fun.
Stepanie is hunting a lady who skipped bail on a minor offence. The perp's boy friend starts getting "puzzles" from her to lead him to "love letters" and he gets Stephanie to help figure things out. To help figure out these puzzles Stepahie gets connected to a guy who does drag for the band he is in, and of course Lula is in on all the action as well. This little team is a riot.
Of course things are never easy in Stephanie's life. The case is also given to a personal rival of Stephanie's.
Stephanie's car and appartment get fire bombed. She ends up stay her cop "friend" Morelli. That leads the neighborhood into assuming they are sleeping together and she's pregnant. Well, they are half right.
So not only does Stephanie need to find the perp on the run, but she has to try and figure out which of Morelli's girlfriends is trying to kill her.

Grade: A

Book List 2014:

1. A Rite of Swords by Morgan Rice
2. Miss Buncle's Book by D.E. Stevenson
3. The Garner Files A Memoir by James Garner and Jon Winokur
4. Grimm's Complete Fairy Tales
5. Treatment of Choice by Mary King
6. Blue Moon by Laurel K. Hamilton
7. Backstage at the Lincoln Assassination: The Untold Story of the Actors
and Stagehands at Ford's Theater by Thomas A. Bogar
8. The Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum
9, Hitler's Alpine Headquarters by James Wilson
10. Hercule Poirot's Christmas by Agatha Christie
11. Call the Midwife: A Memoir of Birth, Joy, and Hard Times by Jennifer Worth
12. Goosebumps Welcome to Dead House by R.L. Stine
13. Three to Get Deadly by Janet Evanovich
14. Goosebumps: Say Cheese and Die! by R. L. Stine
15. Moon River and Me by Andy Williams
16. Agatha Christie: Murder in the Making by John Curran
17. Lake Wobegon Days by Garrison Keillor
18. The Mysterious Affair at Styles by Agatha Christie
19. Four to Score by Janet Evanovich
1 opinion| Your Opinion Matters

[25 Jun 2014|09:59am]
Not sure when I last updated about the yo-yo.
I have managed to go up a few over the last couple of weeks. I think I need to stop taking vacation time, which in turn gives me permission to "cheat". :p I was back to work this week, but I didn't think I was doing so great on the diet front. Thankfully I proved myself wrong. :)
I managed to go down a little. :)

Today's Weight: 230.0 lbs

Lost for the Week: - 1.6 lbs

Total Lost: - 23.6 lbs
2 opinions| Your Opinion Matters

[20 Jun 2014|09:41am]
June 20, 2014.....

Maggie June 20, 2014 photo 011_zpsf6c414fc.jpg
More Pics )
2 opinions| Your Opinion Matters

Book Reading..... [19 Jun 2014|09:44pm]
I am a couple behind...

Book No. 17 was Lake Wobegon Days by Garrison Keillor.
I have really enjoyed Garrison Keillor's story telling, so I was very happy when my friend Mr. Owl gave me this book.
I have to say I was not really expecting style of story told in this book. I am use to Mr. Keillor's short funny stories. Lake Wobegon Days is a full history of the mythical town of Lake Wobegon, Mn. He takes you way back to the prehistory of Lake Wobegon. Then he brings the story all the way up through his "growing up" in Lake Wobegon.
Garrison Keillor has a very comfortable story telling process, and I am looking forward to reading more of his stories.

Grade: A-

Book No. 18 was The Mysterious Affair at Styles by Agatha Christie.
This was Agatha Christie's first published book. It got great reviews/praise for a first timers book, and I have to agree. Agatha Christie is a great story teller.
This book is a Hercule Poirot story. Although I am more of a Miss Marple fan, I do enjoy Poirot's stories too. This being his first time out the poor little guy gets a few knocks. His personality gets questioned as that of an old washed up police detective
The step mother of a wealthy family is murdered and Poirot must figure out what happened to her.
Agatha Christie had me fooled. I had a couple of people who I thought were the perps, but I was wrong. :o

Grade: A

Book List 2014:

1. A Rite of Swords by Morgan Rice
2. Miss Buncle's Book by D.E. Stevenson
3. The Garner Files A Memoir by James Garner and Jon Winokur
4. Grimm's Complete Fairy Tales
5. Treatment of Choice by Mary King
6. Blue Moon by Laurel K. Hamilton
7. Backstage at the Lincoln Assassination: The Untold Story of the Actors
and Stagehands at Ford's Theater by Thomas A. Bogar
8. The Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum
9, Hitler's Alpine Headquarters by James Wilson
10. Hercule Poirot's Christmas by Agatha Christie
11. Call the Midwife: A Memoir of Birth, Joy, and Hard Times by Jennifer Worth
12. Goosebumps Welcome to Dead House by R.L. Stine
13. Three to Get Deadly by Janet Evanovich
14. Goosebumps: Say Cheese and Die! by R. L. Stine
15. Moon River and Me by Andy Williams
16. Agatha Christie: Murder in the Making by John Curran
17. Lake Wobegon Days by Garrison Keillor
18. The Mysterious Affair at Styles by Agatha Christie
2 opinions| Your Opinion Matters

[13 Jun 2014|02:44am]
Okay, Now back to Wednesday...
Drove up to Minneapolis for the Cyndi Lauper/Cher concert. I left extra early because of the construction zones and figuring I would probably have some "rush hour" traffic to deal with. Traffic wasn't too bad, and two out of the four construction zones were now open. :)
I got up to the parking ramp and had my signal light on and was waiting for the sidewalk to clear to pull in and just as I went to pull in another car pulled around in front of me. I nearly hit her. The people in the car gave me this innocent look of like, What is your problem. I so wanted to pull up next to her when she parked and chew her a new one, but I didn't. I sat and read in the car for about a half hour and then headed over to the Target Center. I got in line and waited to be frisked. Not really sure what they were looking for, because she could feel the stuff in my pockets, but didn't ask what it was or to see it. :p
I went through the entrance for people sitting on the floor. I wanted to check out the souvenier stand for some Cyndi Lauper things. I had already ordered my Cher stuff online. Now if it would just show up. UGH......... Of course the nearest souvenier table was upstairs away from the entrance to floor seating. So I went up and got in "line". After all these years of going to concerts, you would think they would have come up with a more organized system. It would also help if they had more people working the stand. :o I picked up a shirt, cd, and album. :) It's the 30th Anniversary of Cyndi's She's So Unusual album. With about 10 minutes until the scheduled start of the show I made my way back down to my seat. I was in section 3 of the floor seating. Row 6 seat 9. YAY me. :) The row was almost empty when I got there, and didn't really start to fill up until the the show was starting. If you pay good money for a show, why don't you show up in time to see it?
Cyndi entered from the back of the arena walking through the audience. :) She is not unusual, she is amazing. :) She was wearing, what I assumed was, a bright red wig and looked and sounded GREAT. She sang a lot of her old hits in celebration of the anniversary of She's So Unusual. Cyndi can still rock it out. During her set, she came down into the audience again while singing one of her songs. I think Cyndi is the only person I have ever seen do that. She performed for a good hour. The only disappointment for me, she didn't sing True Colors.

Cyndi Lauper )

There was about a 20 minute intermission. The guy to my left showed up with just a few minutes left in Cyndi's set. During intermission he asks me if I was alone? Yes. He then asks if I would be willing to switch places with his friend. When they bought the tickets they "didn't realize" they weren't together. Really? He assured me that his friend's seat was just in the next floor section and one row back. I told him, maybe. When his friend showed up and showed me his ticket I reluctantly agreed. Just a little leary of being scammed, but I figured the only way he should have been able to get down on the floor was if he had a good ticket. Some how the one row back turned into two. The rows must have been lined up funny. The good thing about the new seat was that it much more centered with the stage. :)
Towards the end of intermission we heard Cher's voice asking how we were doing. Everybody screamed. She said, okay, well I will be right out. lol...
The show started with projections of photographs from Cher's life projected on the stage curtain. The curtain came down, and Cher was standing on top of a 20 foot pillar dressed up in a costume that resembled something Egyptian with a big feathered head dress. The pillar lowered down and she sang a couple of songs before exiting to change costumes. Before exiting, she talked to the crowd about how this was her final tour, which of course we the audience didn't want to hear. Then she started to "wink" that she wouldn't be back and as she pledge that this was the end, she turned to leave the stage and you could see she was holding her hand behind her back with her fingers crossed. lol........
Cher kept the same basic concept for this show as she has with the tour. Live performane mixed with projections from her past. This show seemed even more theatrical. Using the dancers on stage and the big projection screen behind it they set the mood for different songs. Like for the song Dress to Kill they did like a little movie setting up Cher to protray a vampire. Then she came out on stage in that costume hunting for her next victim.
Some of the sets included a circus setting for Gypsies Tramps and Thieves/Dark Lady/Half Breed. Another was a big Trojan Horse that Cher came out of. :) She had a Burlesque set to sing her two songs from the movie Burlesque. For the closing song, I Hope You Find It, she stood on a platform that kind of looked like a window frame from an Indian Mosque or something, and it raised her up over the audience. Of course just going up over the audience wasn't enough for Cher, the platform carried her all the way to the back of the arena before coming back to the stage.
Cher performed for about an hour and a half. A slight disappointment like with Cyndi, neither of them performed an encore. :(

Cher )
2 opinions| Your Opinion Matters

[13 Jun 2014|02:24am]
Time to catch up on vacation stories...
I will skip Wednesday until pictures get transfered to my photobucket.
Thursday morning I ran Maggie down to the Vet's office for her surgery. I had to bite my tongue not to laugh at the lady behind the desk asking questions like does she need shots. Um, you tell me. I don't know when things are due? Isn't that your job?
Not that I said it out loud. :p
So I left Maggie there. Sadly, I gave her to the guy and she never looked back. lol...
From there I left and drove into Rochester to get some more puppy food. Getting a little low. Growing puppy eats a lot. When I went back to get Maggie, I found out she's over 40 lbs already. :o
Anyway, the alarm woke me up. Wouldn't you know I was finally able to get some sleep, and the alarm had to be set early. I needed to pick Maggie up between 4-5pm.
Got to the Vet's office and wrote out a check, about $220. :o That makes about $700+ for the week so far. :o
Maggie was about 180 degrees different. Surgery knocks out the puppy energy big time. She quietly laid around the house. Some times in her kennel, some times in dad's bedroom.
At one point, I put her rabies vaccine tag on her collar, and she was too funny, trying to bend her neck down to get at it. lol.......
Later in the evening I took her outside to see if she needed to potty, and first thing she did was lay down in the grass and gently roll around. :) She did squat a couple of times. Not sure if she had enough in her to pee.
Took her out one more time before bed time. Put some water down for her when she came back in and I think she drank about half the bowl. Hopefully she doesn't get sick during the night now, and hopefully her bladder doesn't kick in too quick. lol...
After a good night's sleep, I am guessing her puppy energy will be back. :)
2 opinions| Your Opinion Matters

[11 Jun 2014|12:08am]
Day 2 of the vacation...
It's still figuratively pouring. :p
I took my car in because the back two tires have been having issues in holding air pressure. A couple of hours later the shop calls to say that one of the tires needs the wheel bearing replaced because it's loose. $150+ an hour of labor. I went to get my car and $274 later I got my car back.
The day/night did end on a better note though.
I went to the movies to see a recorded stage place, Driving Miss Daisy. It starred Angela Lansbury and James Earl Jones. It was GREAT!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
I really felt like I was part of the audience that was at the show when it was recorded. Laughing away with them.
The only part I didn't care for about the show was the ticket price. OUCH... A regular movie at this theater costs $9.50. With my Mayo Clinic discount I can get in for $6.50. This special showing of Driving Miss Daisy cost.... $20.00. No discount available. It was worth the price. Well, it was when you consider that seeing it live was probably over $100.
1 opinion| Your Opinion Matters

UGH............................. [09 Jun 2014|04:30pm]
[ mood | exhausted ]

I have had a GREAT start to my vacation.
I came home and loaded up on sugar. Hey, it's vacation time, gotta enjoy, right?
I got to bed extra late, 12 noon. Normal bedtime is 10 am. Lately it's been 11 am. Today even worse.
A few minutes before 3 pm my dad hollered at me to get up and get dressed. I flew out of bed and threw on some cloths. Dad was standing there holding some paper towels to his forearm. He said the next door neighbor would put Maggie in the kennel. I asked what happened. He pulled the paper towels back and he had a gash in his forearm. He said he was taking Maggie out and she must have seen the neighbor outside and made a dash to go to her and jerked his arm into the screendoor handle. Back steps are covered in blood splatter.
I ran out and grabbed Maggie and put her in the kennel, put dad in the car, and took off for the ER.
I dropped him at the ER door and found a parking spot in the employee parking ramp. Sorry, but I am not paying to park for an ER visit. :o
Got back to the ER, they said dad was back getting his VS checked and he should be back out. I could go back or wait in the lobby. I am thinking, are you seriously planning on sending somebody back to the lobby with a hole in his arm? I decided to wait and see what happened.
I would be lying if I didn't say I was thinking back to the night that I took my mom to the ER and she died. :(
They came out and got me. The nurse said they weren't going to try and stitch it up because dad's skin was so thing(as older people tend to get) and the stitches probably wouldn't hold. So they were going to treat it with a dressing cover and let it heal on it's own. So she dressed it up and told me what to do and sent us on our way.
So now we are back home. Dad is resting upstairs and I am downstairs, TIRED, and keeping Maggie down here with me to give dad a rest from her "puppy energy".
Selfishly, I am just glad this didn't happen on Wed, Fri, or Sat when I am suppose to be going up to the Twin Cities. :o
So, how is your Monday?????

2 opinions| Your Opinion Matters

[09 Jun 2014|10:48am]
I started a weeks vacation this morning. :) Hallelujah............

I have seven nights off, but I have something scheduled six out of the seven days. lol...

Monday: My one free day.
Tuesday: I am going to see movie. It's a recording of the stage play Driving Miss Daisy, starring Angela Landsbury and James Earl Jone. :)
Wednesday: I go up to Minneapolis to see CHER...
Thursday: Maggie goes in for "The" surgery. :o
Friday: I go up to Mystic Lake, one of the Indian Casinos, to see Kathy Griffin.
Saturday: I go back up to Minneapolis to see Eddie Izzard.
Sunday: I think I am going to another movie. I think the sequel to the Disney movie Planes comes out this weekend. Maybe I will make it a double header and see Maleficent again too. :)

Then I think I will call in sick next week to recover from this week. lol...........
2 opinions| Your Opinion Matters

Diet Update..... [04 Jun 2014|09:43am]
Up a little
Down a little
Back up a little...


Today's Weight: 227.0 lbs

Gain for the Week: + 0.6 lbs

Total Lost: - 26.6 lbs
2 opinions| Your Opinion Matters

Book Reading..... [31 May 2014|04:31am]
A couple of days back I finally finished about another book.
No. 16 was Agatha Christie: Murder in the Making by John Curran.
The author took excerpts from Agatha Christie's notebooks where she kept plot information for books she was writing or thought about writing, and compared it to the finished products.
It was very interesting on a historical level to see the developement of her books.
However, it was kind of difficult, at times, trying to follow her "shorthand" notes. It didn't help either not being familiar with some of the stories.
I was kind of saddened to learn that Ms. Christie wasn't a fan of, or was it the critics that weren't, of some of my favorite movies made from her stories. They were the movies starring Margaret Rutherford as Miss Marple. Also, that only one of the movies was based on a Miss Marple story. Two were based on stories that were actually Hercule Poirot, and the last one was made up. :o

Grade: B

Book List 2014:

1. A Rite of Swords by Morgan Rice
2. Miss Buncle's Book by D.E. Stevenson
3. The Garner Files A Memoir by James Garner and Jon Winokur
4. Grimm's Complete Fairy Tales
5. Treatment of Choice by Mary King
6. Blue Moon by Laurel K. Hamilton
7. Backstage at the Lincoln Assassination: The Untold Story of the Actors
and Stagehands at Ford's Theater by Thomas A. Bogar
8. The Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum
9, Hitler's Alpine Headquarters by James Wilson
10. Hercule Poirot's Christmas by Agatha Christie
11. Call the Midwife: A Memoir of Birth, Joy, and Hard Times by Jennifer Worth
12. Goosebumps Welcome to Dead House by R.L. Stine
13. Three to Get Deadly by Janet Evanovich
14. Goosebumps: Say Cheese and Die! by R. L. Stine
15. Moon River and Me by Andy Williams
16. Agatha Christie: Murder in the Making by John Curran
1 opinion| Your Opinion Matters

[31 May 2014|03:43am]
I went to the movies last night and saw "Maleficent".

It's the new Walt Disney movie that tells the story of Maleficent, the evil fairy from the story Sleeping Beauty.

The easy review would be one word...
AMAZING!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

It is simplay WOW!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
One of my pet peeves of modern movies is the over use of CGI. There is quite a bit in Maleficent, BUT it doesn't feel like it. The human actors and the CGI feel like one. I never felt like I was looking at human actors superimposed into a fake surrounding or surrounded by fake characters.
Angelina Jolie was SUPERB in the role of Maleficent. Other then not having the green skin that Maleficent has in the animated version, Miss Jolie looks just like Maleficent. WOW...
Maleficent's sidekick from Sleeping Beauty the crow, Diaval, is in this movie, but with a bigger role. Maleficent frequently changes him into human form. He's not quite a Jiminy Crickey conscience, maybe closer to being a sounding board for her plans. The mighty Maleficent actually does need somebody.

The movie does not have the same outcome as Sleeping Beauty does, but they are not trying to retell that story. This is Maleficent's story.

Disney spent a fortune making this movie and the results really show in the final product.
I see myself going back to see this movie at least one more time.

I wish my review could do better justice to the movie. It deserves it.


Grade: A+, Two Thumbs Up, GO SEE THE BLOODY MOVIE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
1 opinion| Your Opinion Matters

navigation
[ viewing | 20 entries back ]
[ go | earlier/later ]