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Greek: Aglaih Transliteration: Aglaiê Aglaia Translation: Splendour / Beauty
Other Names: KariV Transliteration: Kharis Translation: Grace / Beauty
Latin Spelling: Aglaea / Charis
AGLAIA, the goddess of beauty, was the youngest of the three KHARITES and the wife of Hephaistos.
ZEUS & EURYNOME (Theogony 907, Apollodorus 1.13, Pausanias 9.35.1)
"And Eurynome, the daughter of Okeanos, beautiful in form, bare him [Zeus] three fair-cheeked Kharites (Graces), Aglaia, and Euphrosyne, and lovely Thaleia, from whose eyes as they glanced flowed love that unnerves the limbs: and beautiful is their glance beneath their brows." -Theogony 907
"And Hephaistos, the famous Lame One, made Aglaia, youngest of the Kharites, his buxom wife." -Theogony 945
"Thetis of the silver feet came to the house of Hephaistos .. As he was at work .. the goddess Thetis the silver-footed drew near him. Kharis of the shining veil saw her as she came forward, she, the lovely goddess the renowned strong-armed one had married. She came, and caught her hand and called her by name and spoke to her: 'Why is it, Thetis of the light robes, you have come to our house now? We honour you and love you; but you have not come much before this. But come in with me so I may put entertainment before you.'
She spoke, and, shining among divinities, led the way forward and made Thetis sit down in a chair that was wrought elaborately and splendid with silver nails, and under it was a footstool. She called to Hephaistos the renowned smith and spoke a word to him: 'Hephaistos, come this way; here is Thetis, who has need of you.
Hearing her the renowned smith of the strong arms answered her: 'Then there is a goddess we honour and respect in our house. She saved me when I suffered much at the time of my great fall through the will of my own brazen-faced mother, who wanted to hide me for being lame ... Now she has come into our house; so I must by all means do everything to give recompense to lovely-haired Thetis for my life. Therefore set out before her fair entertainment." -Iliad 18.382
“Hear now my prayer, you Kharites three ... Euphrosyne, lover of song, and Aglaia revered, daughters of Zeus the all-highest, hearken, and with Thalia, darling of harmony, look on our songs of revel, on light feet stepping to grace this happy hour.” –Pindar Olympian 14 str1-str2
"Hiero's swift horses, Olympic runners: they sped in the company of pre-eminent Nikai (Victories) and Aglaiai (Glories) by the wide-eddying Alpheus." -Greek Lyric IV Bacchylides Frag 3
"By Okeanos’ daughter Eurynome he [Zeus] had the Kharites, named Aglaia, Eurphrosyne, and Thaleia." -Apollodorus 1.13
“[Images on the throne in the temple of Zeus at Olympia] On the pedestal supporting the throne and Zeus with all his adornments are works in gold: ... Hephaistos, and by his side a Kharis.” –Pausanias 5.11.8
“Homer (he too refers to the Kharites) makes one the wife of Hephaistos, giving her the name Kharis ... Hence some have suspected that Homer knew of older Kharites as well. Hesiod in the Theogony says that the Kharites are daughters of Zeus and Eurynome, giving them the names of Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia.” -Pausanias 9.35.1
“The dancers of Orkhomenos [the Kharites] who were attendants upon the Paphian [Aphrodite] had no dancing then to do [when Aphrodite entered a contest against Athena in weaving]; but Pasithea made the spindle run round, Peitho dressed the wool, Aglaia gave thread and yarn to her mistress. And weddings went all astray in human life.” –Dionysiaca 24.261
“[Ares has a false dream:] ‘Hephaistos lies again in his bed and possesses Aphrodite, once yours! He has chased out of the house Kharis [Aglaia] his jealous bride.” –Dionysiaca 29.330
“Then sweetsmiling Aphrodite put off the wonted laugh from her radiant rosy face, and told her messenger Aglaia [one of the elder Kharites] to call Eros her son, that swift airy flyer, that guide to the fruitful increase of the human race.
The Kharis moved her footsteps, and turned her face this way over earth and sea and sky, if somewhere she might find the restless track of Eros – for he beats his wings everywhere circling the four separate regions of the universe [earth, sea, sky & (underworld?)].
She found him on the golden top of Olympos, shooting the nectar-drops from a cup [playing cottabus and game in which wine was thrown out of cups at a mark]. Beside him stood Hymenaios, his fair-haired playfellow in the dainty game ...
[Eros won the contest and] Aglaia stood by him, and she received the prizes from the hands of the prince of heart’s delight. She beckoned the boy aside, and with silence their only witness, she whispered into his ear the artful message of her intriguing mistress:
‘Allvanquisher unvanquished, preserver of life coeval with the universe, make haste! Kythereia is in distress. None of her attendants has remained with her; Kharis (Grace) has gone, Peitho (Seduction) has vanished, Pothos (Sexual Longing) the inconstant has left her; she had none to send but me. She needs your invincible quiver!’
No sooner had she spoken, than Eros wanted to know all about it; for all young people, when they hear only the beginning of a story, are eager to hear the end. So he rattled out with that unbridled tongue of his –
‘Who has hurt my dear Paphian? Let me take arms in hand and fight all the world!’
He spoke, and straight through the air he plied his feet, and reached the dwelling of eager Aphrodite long before Aglaia with his pair of whirring wings.” –Dionysiaca 33.57
The Graces were the three goddesses of joy, beauty, charm, happiness, and feasts. Hesiod gave the three goddesses the names of Thalia (Good Cheer), Euphrosyne (Mirth), and Aglaia (Splendor). Aside from being representatives of beauty and charm, they were also thought to represent the personifications of overall joy and well-being. They were known to also dance with the Muses to Apollo's playing, as well as be messengers for Aphrodite and Eros.
Depicted: They were usually depicted as women dancing merily with nymphs.
Father: Zeus or Helius
Mother: Eurynome or Aegle
Other Name: Charities, Gratiae
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