No matter how much you prepare, be that it may be a long or short road trip, you can never predict the external influences that may cause trouble. Wherever the road takes you, it should be standard to take a survival kit. Although your survival kits should be tailored for the specific environment you are heading towards, all emergency kits should address the following basic needs.
The more water you have, the less urgent you will feel to find water sources. You should carry extra water in your road survival kit, at least a gallon for each person per day. If a gallon of water is not enough, you should take tablets, such as chlorine tablets or iodine tablets that can improve and purify water found in the wilderness to a certain degree.
Emergency rations consisting of at least two to three days worth of non-perishable food should be lightweight and small to not add extra weight and space inside the survival kit. Food rations that works well in emergency kits that should provide a short-term boost to energy are: granola bars, sealed freeze-dried foods and military MRE's (Meals Ready to Eat).
A first aid kit is an essential item needed in your survival kit. Prescription medications should also be kept near your survival kit. At a minimum, you should have in the first aid box: alcohol and antibiotic pads, assorted bandages and pain reliever pills.
Shelter and Storage
Emergency blankets should also be considered as a necessity in there is a need to preserve body heat. Make sure the blankets are lightweight and resistant to moisture. Parachute cord consists of a sheath of four or more yarns useful in the construction of shelters.
Fire and Light
Small disposable lighter or eight hurricane matches in a waterproof container with a striker can provide a quick means to start a fire. Flint and steel, and magnesium fire starter are alternative fire-starting methods, while penlight or small flashlight with extra batteries can provide additional light sources as needed.
Signaling and Navigation
Emergency kits should include at least one visual and one aural signaling device, for example a signal mirror and whistle. A small plastic whistle can produce sound with a greater range that can easily help rescuers to pinpoint you. Also a small compass would be useful as well.
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